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Comments 64451 to 64500:

  1. 2nd law of thermodynamics contradicts greenhouse theory
    725 Tom Curtis 720 partial re-post

    What if we removed the pot of water and simply inverted a larger empty pot over the red hot burner, i.e. no conduction. By your supposition, the burner should get hotter...correct?
    What is the temperature of the top (actual bottom) of the pot?

    Would the burner get hotter then 500C?

    What if we directed the burner toward your magic box.

    Would the outside of the box, insulation pulled back for sampling, be hotter then 500C
  2. luminous beauty at 06:33 AM on 22 March 2011
    Preventing Misinformation
    Or Einstein's denial of the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics?

    OT but a pet peeve of mine. Einstein was not in denial over the Copenhagen Interpretation. He was skeptical in the best scientific tradition. His skepticism led to the formulation of the EPR paradox, which, although it hasn't led to any widely accepted global interpretation of QD providing an algebraic, as opposed to probabilistic, solution to quantum wave function collapse as Einstein had hoped, did demonstrate the incompleteness of the Copenhagen Interpretation, and has led to profound discovery and ongoing research in QD.
  3. 2nd law of thermodynamics contradicts greenhouse theory
    Tom Curtis 720

    You said:
    "In this situation, the heating element will be glowing slightly red, showing a temperature of about 500 degrees C."

    Do you really think the water boils because of "lid" forcing. If you made the lid transparent to IR from 100C to 500C, would the water still boil? I say yes. But before I endeavor to explain this scientifically sound principle, I'll let you reconsider your latest GHG analogy. hint...pressure cooker.

    What if we removed the pot of water and simply inverted a larger empty pot over the red hot burner, i.e. no conduction. By your supposition, the burner should get hotter...correct?
    What is the temperature of the top (actual bottom) of the pot?

    What if we directed the burner toward your magic box.

    Would the burner get hotter then 500C?
  4. 2nd law of thermodynamics contradicts greenhouse theory
    Tom Curtis 718

    You said:
    " the photon does not increase its energy. Rather, if you feed in one photon per time interval, at equilibrium there will be four photons in the box, each with the same energy, and hence the total radiant energy in the box will be four times that which is fed in in each time interval."

    I did not specify a rate, you did. A single photon will transverse the box and/or absorbed and re-radiated countless times within a why no increase in energy?
    Is there a minimum energy for your box?
  5. Pre-1940 Warming Causes and Logic
    NYJ #22 - well said.

    CW #23 - The planet is made up of both land and oceans. Please stop cherrypicking whichever is most convenient for you to make your incorrect argument.
  6. Don Gisselbeck at 05:32 AM on 22 March 2011
    Preventing Misinformation
    Mr Thompson forgot "Al Gore is fat". But seriously, I really hope he and the other "climate skeptics" are right. I would love to still be skiing the Salamander and Stanton Glaciers in late summer ten years from now. I have even allowed myself some hope as I have seen them gain snow the last few years. Nothing exposes this hope as vain and deluded like the arguments used by the various "skeptics" reported and posted here. The endless repetition of long ago destroyed arguments, the repeated proof of the D-K effect, the inability to find facts a bicycle mechanic (me) can find in seconds scares me as much as any projection made by "warmists".
  7. ClimateWatcher at 05:16 AM on 22 March 2011
    Pre-1940 Warming Causes and Logic
    #21 Dana,

    We are using different periods,

    but certainly for SST data you can compare

    the greater warming rate of 1910-1945 (0.41C),

    with the slightly lesser warming rate from 1975-2010 (0.39C)

    GISS land/sst of course does indicate a lesser Early Twentieth Century warming than contemporary, but the CRU, missing from your chart, does not.
  8. between the lines at 05:16 AM on 22 March 2011
    The Libertarian Climate Conundrum
    Rob, and MattJ, I can't speak about the USA, as I'm not in that country, but in one whose polity is considerably older.

    Yes, the general framework of laws moves quite slowly - far too slowly to keep up with accelerating technological, social and economic change, in sad fact. Seen from this angle, the slowness of change can be a problem.

    The interpretation of the laws is another issue superimposed on that, and I gather that in the US some are now trying to overturn the formerly deep-rooted separation of church and state, for example. Quite small alterations can have huge ramifications, rendering the polity vulnerable to organised lobbies.

    So I do not share your sanguine view of the stability of long-established laws.

    In the uk our politicians continually demonstrate that their main concern is for their own short term interests, and the voters, in the main, are no better. And so the ship of state is steered onto the rocks while the crew and passengers are busy partying.
  9. Preventing Misinformation
    Thompson in his first answer writes

    "the vast bulk of the population have very little knowledge of science so they find it impossible to make judgements about even basic scientific issues let alone ones as complex as climate. This makes it easy for those with agendas to deceive us by using emotive statements rather than facts"

    So he got something right
  10. Pre-1940 Warming Causes and Logic
    Solar and "ocean cycle" hypotheses can't explain the majority of the warming over the 20th century, and can explain very little of recent warming.

    The two hypotheses tend to contradict each other. If one maximizes the solar effect, this leaves little room for PDO/AMO warming in the early 20th century, thus little room for such an influence in the recent period - and we know the solar influence has been flat or negative (given the last decade) in the recent period.

    If one minimizes the solar effect, this allows for some other forcing to explain the early century warming. Assuming anthropogenic attribution is precise, let's arbitrarily assign the rest to PDO/AMO. But then one has to explain why cooling in mid-century was very modest. If solar variation has little influence, and PDO/AMO "forcing" is significant, what kept temperatures up? If most of the early century warming was PDO/AMO, where was the same magnitude of cooling? And why hasn't it cooled in the last decade? Why has global mean temperature shot up over the last 100+ years through complete ocean cycles?

    The magnitude of solar forcing does indeed have a fair amount of uncertainty. It's interesting to see contrarians start to move away from solar variation, which presumably has something to do with a very deep recent solar minimum, which has failed to reduce global mean temperature as hypothesized. But then they're back to trying to explain MWP/LIA. Fred Singer would not approve.

    The PDO/AMO indexes correspond with ENSO variation. In the late 70's, we had a transition from more la Ninas to more el Ninos. Much of the short-term trend over that period can be explained by that transition (similar to the early 1940's activity), but nothing more, and we've had a transition back since then, but strong warming over the entire period.
  11. ClimateWatcher at 04:47 AM on 22 March 2011
    Preventing Misinformation

    #6 - Gary "our a human fingerprint." What finger print(s) do you refer to? There should be warming due to increased CO2. I'm on board with that. But the only 'fingerprint' of the models that I know of is stratospheric cooling. And stratospheric cooling HAS occurred. But there's some nuance. Most of the stratospheric cooling since the MSU era began can be accounted for by the two 'step function' temperature drops associated with the Volcanic eruptions ( El Chichon and Pinatubo ). The years preceding the eruptions and the trend in the lower stratosphere since Pinatubo resolved ( say 1995 ) are warming or flat. Still, the trend is consistent with CO2 forcing, but is there another finger print you are thinking of?


    [dana1981]There are many anthropogenic global warming fingerprints

  12. Those who contribute the least greenhouse gases will be most impacted by climate change
    Gilles - I am sorry yo have introduced data and to have confused you. I picked a point they where the same to get a benchmark. It's what scientists do.

    I thought you'd enjoy the point as it's just hand waving and broad brush strokes - your style.

    It it doesn't work for you, please feel free to present sone facts - of the level if rigger you require from others - to back up your assertions.
  13. Pre-1940 Warming Causes and Logic
    Gilles #19 -
    "I don't see any significant anthropic temperature change before 1970 in your figure 1, so can you clarify this point ? where is the 0.64 °C anthropic warming in models ?"
    The anthropogenic (this is the correct term by the way, not "anthropic") warming prior to 1970 is close to 0.2°C. The equilibrium figure I cited (0.64°C) does not take the ocean lag or non-CO2 forcings like aerosols into account. Regardless, Figure 1 shows that the vast majority of the 20th century warming was anthropogenic, so I still fail to see your point.

    The figures in the article answer your question. Pre-1970, the roughly 0.3°C warming is approximately half natural and half anthropogenic.

  14. Sea level rise is exaggerated
    Well, no defence of your numbers. I think we can take them as false and without credibility.
  15. Zero Carbon Australia: We can do it
    New battery cathode technology, promises very short charging times for current battery technologies (NiMH and Li-ion):
  16. Preventing Misinformation
    Nick #4 - thanks, good catch.

    Keen #5 - Thanks. It doesn't surprise me that this sort of junk is put on the web. What bugs me is that anybody takes it seriously!

    MattJ #7 - thanks, I previously used the phrase for Lubos Motl, but it applies even better to this document.
  17. Rob Honeycutt at 04:27 AM on 22 March 2011
    The Libertarian Climate Conundrum
    MattJ... But we aren't having to change any laws to do this. The solution only requires that the government enact a new law, which is far easier... given enough votes.

    No wonder the Koch-backed Libertarians are fighting this so hard! This is quite literally a new tax on their industry designed to make their product more expensive so that people will use less of it.

    The Koch's are being very smart business people. They know the only way to defend their prodigious business is to get like-minded people into Congressional and Senate seats and stop any votes that would enact any kind of carbon tax. Ultimately I think they are going to fail in that effort because they are having to go to such extreme lengths to do this. They are quickly alienating moderates in the US.

    My prediction is that Obama will be reelected in 2012 along with majorities in both houses again. That is when we are going to see, probably not cap and trade, but a cap and dividend law go into effect.
  18. Preventing Misinformation

    If your approach to political science were as scientific as your approach to climate science, (or even just as close as scientific as possible, for those quibblers who deny that it is a science), you would not be surprised. This is situation NORMAL. Most people just do not understand the idea of believing only what is proven, by the best 'scientific' method available, to be true. On the contrary: they have a strong habit of first deciding what they want to believe, and then looking for 'facts' that encourage them to persist in this belief.

    In fact, it takes many people long training in the scientific disciplines to overcome this habit. Not even all scientists do. Remember Linus Pauling on Vitamin C? Or Einstein's denial of the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics?

    But what I really wanted to say is that though the point by point refutations in this article are all good, and I will no doubt remember some of them, what REALLY sticks is that excellent summary of the whole mess to be refuted: "Gish gallop of Moncktonian proporations"! Now THAT will stick, but only because I already know who Monckton is and what a "Gish gallop" is.
  19. Preventing Misinformation
    Climatewatcher, whether the current warming is unprecedented or not is irrelevant to determining the cause. It's only relevance is when it convinces us to investigate the cause, which it has done. You can actually drop the concern over the shape of the hockey stick, our investigations independent of that shape show a human fingerprint.
  20. The Libertarian Climate Conundrum

    I agree with you about the Koch Brothers. They have destroyed the individualistic movement in the US over the last 30 or so years. But it goes beyond them hijacking an idealized version freedom, it is about replacing the pursuit of maximizing individual liberty through principle with a over-reaching trust in market fundamentalism.
  21. Berényi Péter at 04:13 AM on 22 March 2011
    It's not us
    In the advanced version of The human fingerprint in global warming dana1981 writes:

    "Trenberth et al. (2009) used satellite data to measure the Earth's energy balance at the top of the atmosphere (TOA) and found that the net imbalance was 0.9 Watts per square meter".

    This proposition is false. What Trenberth has actually found in said paper is this:

    "There is a TOA imbalance of 6.4 W m−2 from CERES data and this is outside of the realm of estimates of global imbalances that are expected from observed increases in carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere"

    That is, Trenberth says satellite data are useless for measuring Earth's energy balance. Then he continues:

    "The TOA energy imbalance can probably be most accurately determined from climate models and is estimated to be 0.85 ± 0.15 W m−2".

    So. The energy imbalance is not measured, it is determined using computational climate models.

    Then, what he actually did to satellite data is described like this:

    "An upper error bound on the longwave adjustment is 1.5 W m−2, and OLR was therefore increased uniformly by this amount in constructing a best estimate. We also apply a uniform scaling to albedo such that the global mean increase from 0.286 to 0.298 rather than scaling ASR directly, as per Trenberth (1997), to address the remaining error. Thus, the net TOA imbalance is reduced to an acceptable but imposed 0.9 W m−2 (about 0.5 PW)".

    That is, he increased both OLR and albedo relative to actual data by amounts he considered acceptable in order to arrive at an imposed value of TOA imbalance.

    Therefore it's not true he has "found that the net imbalance was 0.9 Watts per square meter", but took a value based on model calculations and imposed it on satellite measurements.

    What Trenberth did is questionable, but defensible in a sense. Whenever you have next to useless data with unknown but large error margins, you either throw it away or do odd things to it in the hope at least something can be saved. If the data are as expensive to collect as CERES data are, NASA scientists have no choice but follow the latter path.

    On the other hand grave misrepresentation of Trenberth's pain as it is put by dana1981 above, is indefensible. Calculations can be verified against measurements, but they can never be verified against (the same!) calculations. That is, Trenberth's figure of 0.9 W/m2 net imbalance at TOA is still an unverified claim.

    There is an important difference in science between true and false statements. The latter kind implies anything along with its own negation, therefore it's a bit ill suited for deriving meaningful results.
  22. The Libertarian Climate Conundrum

    "Once laws take effect it's very hard to change them under our system of government."

    That is the problem. Now we are up against a problem so severe, we cannot afford to wait that long. Since we did no act in time, the whole world is going to be faced with more stress than any of the world words, more harm than any since the Black Death. Democracy is not going to survive this huge sea change.
  23. Preventing Misinformation
    Dana - A nice little summary of refutations of almost all the major denier idiocies.

    It amazes me that such clearly idiotic documents are still being put up on the web.
  24. Those who contribute the least greenhouse gases will be most impacted by climate change
    les , I don't understand. My English may be poor, but "not nearly as rich as ..." doesn't have the same meaning as "nearly as rich as", does it ?

    JMurphy : I referred to gapminder as a convenient source for data and graphics, that you can easily display for all countries and throughout the history of industrial civilization. If you want me to post here tedious lists of numbers, I can do it too.
  25. The Libertarian Climate Conundrum
    'grypo' got SO close to identifying the fundamental contradiction at the heart of Libertarianism -- and then shied away from exposing it!

    But sometimes, I think it is just as well that people shy away from it, since Libertarians are so committed to their broken ideology, the fundamental contradiction does not bother them. Such behaviour is typical of the poisonous ideological climate prevailing in Washington DC these days -- even since before Bush II.

    Unfortunately, it is even worse than that. As long as the Koch brothers maintain such a stranglehold on the Libertarian movement, they will not tolerate any attempt to steer that movement towards a realistic position concerning climate change. Why? Because it would crimp their already bloated income.

    grypo mentions the Cato Institute: but he did not mention that Davic Koch was one of the cofounders of the Institute, and they both fund it heavily.

    Google "cato funding koch brothers" to see numerous blogs and other sources exposing how they fund the Institute, Libertarianism, the Tea Party and climate change 'skepticism'.

    It is very sad that any political system, in the name of "individual freedom", will allow two individuals to do so much damage to the whole world. But that is our system.
  26. Preventing Misinformation

    You may wish to alter this phrase:

    "Over billions of years, the Sun has become gradually dimmer."
  27. ClimateWatcher at 03:51 AM on 22 March 2011
    Pre-1940 Warming Causes and Logic
    The NASA GISS indicates warming since 1979 to be greater than the 1910 to 1945 warming.

    The CRU and Hadley SST indicate the 1910 to 1945 warming to be greater than the recent warming.
  28. Pre-1940 Warming Causes and Logic
    "Gilles #15 - the equilibrium warming from the CO2 increase from pre-industrial levels to 1970 is 0.64°C."

    Dana, are we talking of the equilibrium warming, or of the ACTUAL warming in 1970 (taking into account the relaxation time towards equilibrium ?)

    I don't see any significant anthropic temperature change before 1970 in your figure 1, so can you clarify this point ? where is the 0.64 °C anthropic warming in models ?

    DB :

    "Keep in mind what Tamino had to say about hockeystick reconstructions in his guest post over at Real Climate:

    "The truth is that whichever version of PCA you use, the hockey-stick shaped PC is one of the statistically significant patterns. There’s a reason for that: the hockey-stick shaped pattern is in the data, and it’s not just noise it’s signal."

    "The hockey stick is so thoroughly imprinted on the actual data that what’s truly impressive is how many things you have to get rid of to eliminate it. There’s a scientific term for results which are so strong and so resistant to changes in data and methods: robust.""

    I understand that it is statistically significant and robust. BUT I asked if it was ANTHROPIC. You say that it "does not also mean the converse: that only natural factors explain the rise before it", but again, I see on Fig 1 that anthropic changes of temperature were almost zero before 1960, and that natural changes closely match observations before this date. If this doesn't mean that only natural factors explain the pre-1960 warming, what does it mean? i'm sorry , I may miss something really important, but I don't get your point at all.

    Put in other words : can you give me the amplitude of the NATURAL component and of the ANTHROPIC component of the warming, between 1900 and 1960 ? you seem all to think that everything is perfectly clear, so I expect a simple answer to this simple question.
  29. Rob Honeycutt at 03:45 AM on 22 March 2011
    The Climate Show Episode 9: Nuclear power and hot spots
    After that...

    1) The hotspot is NOT a fingerprint of AGW.
    2) The hotspot is difficult to pin down.
    3) It has been indirectly measured.

    Then she can read the various articles on SkS that are fully supported by published science.
  30. Preventing Misinformation
    ClimateWatcher #1 - you are incorrect. The warming is well within the IPCC range of projections, and the current warming trend is larger than the early 20th century trend.

    perseus #2 - was that not clear?
    "although natural emissions are much larger than human emissions, the natural carbon cycle is in balance. Natural carbon sinks absorb more than natural carbon sources emit, and human emissions upset that balance. That's why humans are responsible for the 40% increase in atmospheric CO2 over the past 150 years."
  31. Rob Honeycutt at 03:37 AM on 22 March 2011
    The Climate Show Episode 9: Nuclear power and hot spots
    ClimateWatcher... First step would be to tell her to stop reading WUWT and JoNova if she is actually interested in the science of climate.
  32. Examining the impacts of ocean acidification
    Thanks Rob, Yooper and Alan for sticking around and entertaining my questions. I did finally get thru the Pelejero study and that did answer my questions regarding paleo proxies.

    I noticed in his study he made the comment that measuring pH has always been difficult and I concur with that (both from college lab days and professional engineering days). I tried to access some of his sited references but couldn't find a good link showing the details of this pH measurement. I.e., what type of instruments are used, calibration, depths used in measurements! Frequency, time of day, etc.

    Any links to this subject are appreciated.

  33. Rob Honeycutt at 03:31 AM on 22 March 2011
    The Libertarian Climate Conundrum
    between the lines... If the government we lived under completely changed with each election cycle you would be exactly correct. But that is not what happens. Once laws take effect it's very hard to change them under our system of government. Ascribe that to the brilliance of the founding fathers maybe. Our system of government and our laws change very very slowly. The people who haggle the laws on a given election cycle change frequently but their capacity to change established laws is very tenuous. And their capacity to change our system of government is almost non-existant.

    In fact, the system of government we have moves slow and should, when it's working correctly, act to protect the longterm sovereignty of the nation and the continuity of our processes. Cap and dividend would be one such law that the government could enact that would do exactly this.
  34. Preventing Misinformation
    I think it needs to be made clear that humans produce nearly 100% of the NET annual global increase in CO2 emissions, and the 3% [of global CO2 emissions]" refers to human contribution to TURNOVER, a largely irrelevant quantity.
  35. Those who contribute the least greenhouse gases will be most impacted by climate change
    56 - Gilles.
    According to gapminder, US income / person was 5580 in 1890, The Chinese caught that up in 2006. within the definition of "even two or three generations" that's close enough. Very far from "plainly untrue" - which you accused Larry Summers of being, without quoting one number.

    If someone wanted to pick bones with the remark - and I mean someone who had a clue - it would be with the "mean income" remark - as we know one of the big issues is that mean income and median are really quite different things in terms of the weal fair of citizens. Actually that'd make the argument stronger not weaker and it's a deficit of gapfinder that it uses averages.

    I suggest you get round to quoting some real facts some time soon and not just alleging that things are true and not true as suites your preconceptions.
  36. ClimateWatcher at 03:28 AM on 22 March 2011
    The Climate Show Episode 9: Nuclear power and hot spots
    My bar maid is asking me why the hot spot is not observed.

    What should I tell her?
  37. The Libertarian Climate Conundrum
    actuallythoughtful #4

    Cap-and-dividend, as cap-and-trade, are forms to limit emissions using the ability of markets to allocate resources in an efficient manner. It's as close to free-market as it gets.

    What I meant in my first post was a 100% government-free solution. If you have a cap, someone has to set it - the market won't do it by itself.

    So a 100% market solution is not known. The next best thing (as freedom goes) would be the cap, I think. Personaly, I think the cap is complicated to control, and therefore vulnerable to cheating and corruption. I like the industry-based approach best. Some industries may work well with caps, others with a fuel tax, others (like our Brazilian rainforest) will need direct regulation and enforcement. If businessmen were more participant in this, instead of just hiding their heads in the sand (I'm one, btw), each industry could be self-regulating itself in this sense.
  38. Rob Honeycutt at 03:18 AM on 22 March 2011
    The Libertarian Climate Conundrum
    Lou... Economics is fascinating stuff! Along side the climate issue economics is one I've been studying a lot on my own. That, and peppering an old friend who is an economics professor with questions.

    I can't remember where it was but I saw a documentary a while back on the Chicago School of Econ (which to a certain extent, as I gather, you can equate with Libertarianism). They were showing how the Chicago School is built on the "rationality of markets" and how they naturally self correct. But the documentary showed how this is not actually true. More like Keynes' ideas, markets are rational to an extent but can act in very irrational ways.

    The example they used was auctioning off a $100 bill to a class of economics students. As the auction went on the bid price of the $100 bill went above $100. Why would someone pay over $100 for a $100 bill? Just the natural human desire to win at any cost.

    I get the sense that is what is going on right now with climate. Conservatives today have this drive to win at any cost.
  39. ClimateWatcher at 03:17 AM on 22 March 2011
    Preventing Misinformation
    We should also prevent these myths:

    1. Global warming is 'worse than expected'

    Since 1979, satellite and surface measurements indicate warming trends at less than the IPCC best estimate for the "low" scenario.

    2. Global warming is 'unprecedented'

    The period from 1910 to 1945 ( thirty five years ) had the same surface temperature trends ( CRU and GISS ) as the period since 1979.

    3. Global warming is accelerating.

    Temperature trends for most of the satellite and surface records are lower from 1995 to present than they are for the period 1979 to present.

    Temperature trends for ALL of the satellite and surface records (RSS,UAH,CRU.GISS)are lower from 2001 to present than they are for the period 1995 to present.
  40. The Libertarian Climate Conundrum
    Rob Honeycutt #3

    I don't think the market is so limited in planning the long term. There are examples of projects and investments done with decades ahead in mind.

    The problem is the externality, specially the diffuse ones. It's hard to convince a CEO or shareholder to cut some of its own result to mitigate a cost they would not pay for anyway.

    Having said that, I agree with all the rest you've said. Market's creativity is hard to beat. No one central planner would come up with so many ideas as thousands of individuals seeking solutions for themselves, driven by the right price signals.

    That's where the government role comes in: to set a price for the externality.
  41. Those who contribute the least greenhouse gases will be most impacted by climate change
    Gilles wrote : "Again, I'm just looking at facts."

    Sorry, but I must have missed those "facts" you refer to - did you include some in any of your recent posts ? If so, please be so good as to point me to them. Thanks.
  42. between the lines at 03:05 AM on 22 March 2011
    The Libertarian Climate Conundrum
    Rob Honeycutt wrote: " ... governments, by definition, have multi-generational horizons. This is why climate change is an issue that is best managed through governments."

    If only governments did have long horizons, Rob. The unfortunate fact is, however, that governments have very short horizons, ie only as far as the next election.

    This is the failure of democracy.
  43. The Libertarian Climate Conundrum
    Rob: Nicely put.

    Speaking as an economist (no one hate me; I'm one of the good ones), I would add that a useful way to view this question of roles of the government and the market is: The government should set the overall strategy, as in "get off coal as quickly as possible" or (here in the US) "reduce oil dependence as quickly as possible". The market can be astonishingly good at resource allocation, including R&D funding, and to the greatest extent possible that's still consistent with achieving those strategies and more general goals of social justice, etc., it should be allowed to do its thing.

    This is why either a cap and trade or carbon tax and rebate program would be so effective; it creates a disincentive to emit more carbon, which is another way of saying it creates an incentive to find lower carbon ways of doing things as well as using old and new techniques and technologies.

    But the very idea of government "forcing" individuals and businesses to do anything, even when it is demonstrably in their own best interest in the long run, is so repellent to some libertarians that they find any excuse possible not to support it.
  44. Those who contribute the least greenhouse gases will be most impacted by climate change
    Michael sweet : just a reminding. In the sixties, some people wrote that nuclear energy could produce so much electricity that it would be too cheap to meter .

    I'm not young enough to believe in fairy tales, sorry. Again, I'm just looking at facts.
  45. The True Cost of Coal Power
    if you have children, of course.
  46. Maximum and minimum monthly records in global temperature databases
    Charlie A: Your last observation gets to the heart of interpreting that paper:

    "I note that the paper took the GHCN monthly record as it stands, and there is no discussion of whether the observed 10% decrease in variability in the GHCN monthly temperature record is due to a true reduction in variability of temperatures or whether the observed decrease is merely an artifact of changes in measurement and record keeping."

    Further research is currently being done with the goal of answering that question.


    Indeed, Wergen(2010) also contains "reversible time" analysis. It has been used occasionally throughout the history of record-breaking analysis, e.g. Benestad, RE. 2004. Record-values, nonstationarity tests and extreme value distributions. Global and Planetary Change 44:11–26. I think Benestad may have been the first to use "reversible time" analysis in studying temperature, though it was proposed as a statistical technique prior to this.
  47. The True Cost of Coal Power
    Marcus :"Also, I don't see anything in those graphs to suggest they're exponential extrapolations either-"
    Well, if you don't understand that saying "And indeed, it follows a nearly straight line on a log scale... What do these trends mean for the future? If the 7 percent decline in costs continues (and 2010 and 2011 both look likely to beat that number), then in 20 years the cost per watt of PV cells will be just over 50 cents."

    IS an exponential extrapolation (i.e. linear extrapolation in log scale), you could benefit from some refreshment of your mathematics courses. As an exercise, you could plot the growth curve of your children in log scale during their first 15 years, and then extrapolate linearly in log scale ...
  48. actually thoughtful at 02:28 AM on 22 March 2011
    The Libertarian Climate Conundrum
    Thank you for introducing peer reviewed literature into the political debate. Give the overwhelming evidence, we clearly need to focus on solutions, and providing libertarians a face saving path to agreeing with progressives (the two groups find agreement in many, many areas) is a great start.

    Alexandre - the cap and dividend system IS the free market solution!

    Adding the missing price information is a valid and useful role for government, and that notion is accepted by conservatives and libertarians - you need only look to the building code.

    It would be cheaper to build poorly constructed buildings (first costs) - the building codes ensure roof trusses can support the weight of the roof, the snow load, the guy shoveling the snow off the roof (as well as a the odd solar panel). Without this code buildings would be cheaper (and unsafe), thus it is a "tax" (to use Tea Party nomenclature). But there is no outcry or concern.

    The same logic gets a libertarian or conservative into a cap and dividend system.

    The question I wrestle with is how do you ensure logic and facts are the basis for the actions and policy?
  49. Pre-1940 Warming Causes and Logic
    Gilles #15 - the equilibrium warming from the CO2 increase from pre-industrial levels to 1970 is 0.64°C. So I'm really not seeing your logic as to how pre-1970 warming was only natural. Clearly there was a major anthropogenic component over that period.
  50. Rob Honeycutt at 02:13 AM on 22 March 2011
    The Libertarian Climate Conundrum
    I always find one fundamental flaw with the whole Libertarian mindset. Markets just plainly have different time horizons that does broader society. Markets, and specifically publicly traded companies have very short time horizons, often limited to the next quarterly report. Private companies have slightly longer horizons, as long as the next CEO lasts. Family run companies can have a generational horizon. But governments, by definition, have multi-generational horizons.

    This is why climate change is an issue that is best managed through governments. Because it mostly affects the sovereignty of each nation in the future; the world our grandchildren must inhabit.

    Markets are fantastic and dealing with solutions, today. But it's the government that must set up the proper incentives that drive the solutions today to solve the problems of tomorrow.

    To have a Libertarian government is to remove exactly what governments are established for and puts it into the hands of those who should least have those powers. A Libertarian government is a contradiction in terms.

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