Climate Science Glossary

Term Lookup

Enter a term in the search box to find its definition.


Use the controls in the far right panel to increase or decrease the number of terms automatically displayed (or to completely turn that feature off).

Term Lookup


All IPCC definitions taken from Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Working Group I Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Annex I, Glossary, pp. 941-954. Cambridge University Press.

Home Arguments Software Resources Comments The Consensus Project Translations About Donate

Twitter Facebook YouTube Pinterest

RSS Posts RSS Comments Email Subscribe

Climate's changed before
It's the sun
It's not bad
There is no consensus
It's cooling
Models are unreliable
Temp record is unreliable
Animals and plants can adapt
It hasn't warmed since 1998
Antarctica is gaining ice
View All Arguments...

Keep me logged in
New? Register here
Forgot your password?

Latest Posts


Climate Hustle

2014 SkS Weekly News Roundup #5

Posted on 1 February 2014 by John Hartz

  • A change in the legal climate
  • Climate and vaccine deniers are the same: beyond persuasion
  • Foundations band together to get rid of fossil-fuel investments
  • Green groups: Obama not doing enough on climate
  • Human cause of global warming is near certainty
  • Industry groups plan "unified strategy" against EPA carbon pollution rules
  • IPCC hearing brings UK closer to US polarisation
  • It may be cold today, but the climate is heating up
  • Prominent scientist suing climate change deniers for libel
  • Teenage polar explorer on quest to raise climate change awareness
  • The communication of uncertainty is hindering climate change action
  • UK climate change spend almost halved under Owen Paterson

A change in the legal climate

For years, the tiresome back-and-forth has played on like a broken record. Scientists announce new data showing that the global climate is warming, creating potentially devastating changes in the world. Skeptics attack, proclaiming the researchers are lying as part of a conspiracy to gin up research funding. The climatologists respond, calling the detractors anti-science deniers who push their claims at the behest of fossil-fuel companies that stand to lose the most if the research is accepted as fact. And round and round it goes, with no end in sight.

That is, until maybe now, with the spinning potentially coming to a stop in the most unlikely of places - a Federal district court in Washington, D.C. There, a little-noticed lawsuit filed by one of the world's preeminent climatologists against a premiere conservative publication and a conservative think tank is moving forward, and both sides - absent dismissal or settlement - will have to put up or shut up.

A Change in the Legal Climate by Kurt Eichenwald, Newsweek, Jan 30, 2014

Climate and vaccine deniers are the same: beyond persuasion

These tactics are common knowledge. But every one of them is also used by climate science deniers. And yet the same kind of unhinged repudiation of an overwhelming body of scientific facts is treated not as the private obsession of a handful of nutcases, but as a legitimate part of the “debate” over global warming.

The media treat the anti-vaccinators with the disdain they deserve, but sections of the media see no contradiction in actively promoting the same type of anti-science fanaticism when it comes to climate.

Climate and vaccine deniers are the same: beyond persuasion by Clive Hamilton, The Conversation, Jan 28, 2014

Foundations band together to get rid of fossil-fuel investments

Seventeen foundations controlling nearly $1.8 billion in investments have united to commit to pulling their money out of companies that do business in fossil fuels, the group plans to announce on Thursday.

The move is a victory for a developing divestiture campaign that has found success largely among small colleges and environmentally conscious cities, but has not yet won over the wealthiest institutions like Harvard, Brown and Swarthmore.

But the participation of the foundations, including the Russell Family Foundation, the Educational Foundation of America and the John Merck Fund, is the largest commitment to the effort, and stems in part from a push among philanthropies to bring their investing in line with their missions.

Foundations Band Together to Get Rid of Fossil-Fuel Investments by Diane Cardwell, New York Times, Jan 29, 2014

Green groups: Obama not doing enough on climate

The White House has rebuffed repeated protests by some of President Barack Obama's top environmental allies that his climate strategy won't work.

The heads of 18 environmental groups went public recently with a complaint they have privately pressed the White House on for months: Obama's support of expanded oil and gas production doesn't make sense for a president who wants to reduce global warming pollution.

"We believe that continued reliance on an 'all-of-the-above' energy strategy would be fundamentally at odds with your goal of cutting carbon pollution," the environmentalists wrote in a letter to Obama this month.

Green groups: Obama not doing enough on climate by Matthew Daly & Dina Cappielo, Associated Press/Seattle PI, Jan 31, 2014

Human cause of global warming is near certainty

Global warming is unequivocal, human influence has been the dominant cause since the mid-20th century, and atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases, already at levels not seen in at least 800,000 years, will persist for many centuries, the final version of the latest United Nations report on climate change warned today.

"Continued emissions of greenhouse gases will cause further warming and changes in all components of the climate system," according to the report, which finalizes a summary of findings by the UN-backed Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) issued in September, outlining a litany of threats from the melting of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets to rising oceans to extreme weather events such as cyclones and heat waves.

Human cause of global warming is near certainty, UN Reports,, Jan 31, 2014

Industry groups plan "unified strategy" against EPA carbon pollution rules

Forty industry groups launched a new partnership on Thursday to form a "unified strategy" to respond to forthcoming federal regulations targeting carbon emissions from the country's fleet of power plants and other carbon-intensive facilities.

Led by the National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) and the U.S. Chamber of Commerce Institute for 21st Century Energy, the group will lobby local, state and national lawmakers and  educate the public about what they believe will be the economic impact of future regulation.

Industry groups plan "unified strategy" against EPA carbon pollution rules by Valerie Volovici, Euters, Jan 30, 2014

IPCC hearing brings UK closer to US polarisation

A parliamentary committee will this week provide further proof that political debate in the UK about climate change is becoming as depressingly unscientific and polarised as it is in the United States.

As part of its inquiry into the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the House of Commons select committee on energy and climate change has invited six witnesses to provide testimony on Tuesday. But instead of focusing on experts who represent the overwhelming scientific consensus that human activities are the main cause of global warming, half the oral evidence sessions will be devoted to 'sceptics' who reject the IPCC’s findings.

IPCC hearing brings UK closer to US polarisation on climate change by Bob Ward, The Guardian, Jan 27, 2014

It may be cold today, but the climate is heating up

We completely understand the feelings of those who would favor a little climate change right about now; we, too, would welcome some relief from this brutal winter. We're not talking palm trees at Bradford Beach kind of change, but a week or so above freezing — or even above zero — would be kind of nice.

What we don't understand is those who argue that this particularly cold winter proves that the climate isn't getting warmer and that climate change is a hoax. Nonsense. One bad winter no more proves something than did the unusually hot summer of 2012, when the mercury stood at about 100 on the Fourth of July.

What matters are trends over time, and the trends aren't changing. The consensus in the scientific community that human activity is a factor in climate change is overwhelming, and the evidence just keeps rolling in.

It may be cold today, but the climate is heating up, Op-ed by the Editorial Board, Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, Jan 27, 2014

Prominent scientist suing climate change deniers for libel

A prominent climatologist at the center of a libel battle with deniers of man-made global warming said Sunday that he was being targeted as part of a “well-funded” campaign to silence and discredit the “entire environmental movement.”

Speaking to Al Jazeera America just days after a court ruled that his defamation lawsuit against the libertarian think tank Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI) and conservative news magazine National Review could proceed, Michael Mann, director of the Earth System Science Center at Pennsylvania State University, accused his detractors of resorting to old allegations that had been disproved time and time again.

On Thursday, a judge for the D.C. Superior Court ruled in favor of the scientist, denying a motion to dismiss the libel suit.

Prominent scientist suing climate change deniers for libel by

Teenage polar explorer on quest to raise climate change awareness

Parker Liautaud, the teenage polar explorer who set the record last year as the fastest unsupported person to trek to the South Pole, said he set off on the 314-mile (505 km) trip from the coast of Antarctica to draw attention to climate change.

The 19-year-old California native broke the previous record held by Norwegian explorers Ottar Haldorsen and Jacob Meland by almost four days when he reached the South Pole on Christmas Eve after 18 days, four hours and 43 minutes.

On the return trip Liautaud bored into the hostile terrain and took 6.5-foot-deep (2 meter) samples that he hopes will help scientists answer questions about global warming.

Teenage polar explorer on quest to raise climate change awareness by Marina Lopes, Reuters, Jan 27, 2014

The communication of uncertainty is hindering climate change action

For fans of probability, confidence intervals and margins of error, climate change is a dream come true. For everyone else, the fact that uncertainty (inherent in any complex area of science) has gradually become one of climate change's defining features is a constant headache. Because uncertainty – real or manufactured – is a well-rehearsed reason for inaction.

What proportion of scientists agree that human activity is changing the climate? How sensitive is the climate to carbon emissions? Is it very likely or merely likely that flooding will increase? And what does likely mean anyway?

Questions such as these have become a stick with which to beat climate models. Scientists (naturally reticent in their communicative style) feel obliged to reel off lists of things they don't know, and forget to re-emphasise the (remarkably certain) link between human behaviour and climate change.

The communication of uncertainty is hindering climate change action by Adam Crorner, Sustainable Living Hub, the Guardian, Jan 31, 2014

UK climate change spend almost halved under Owen Paterson

The money spent on preparing the UK for the impacts of global warming has almost halved since the environment secretary, Owen Paterson –widely regarded as a climate change sceptic – took office. Critics called the cuts "shocking" and "complacent".

Figures released under freedom of information rules show annual spending falling from £29.1m in 2012-13 to £17.2m in 2013-14. The drop in funding follows a previous slashing of staff working on the issue from 38 to six in May 2013.

The adaptation funding at the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) is spent on finding ways to cope with the increased floods, droughts and heatwaves expected in the UK due to global warming. It had risen by almost 20% under Paterson's predecessor, Caroline Spelman, but fell 41% after Paterson replaced her in September 2012. Some was also spent on cutting greenhouse gas emissions but the Department of Energy and Climate Change takes the lead on that issue.

UK climate change spend almost halved under Owen Paterson, figures reveal by Damien Carrington, the Guardian, Jan 27, 2014

0 0

Bookmark and Share Printable Version  |  Link to this page


Comments 1 to 5:

  1. I note two different pieces in this roundup reporting on the same news: Mike Mann's lawsuit against CEI & NRO. First by Newsweek (A change in the legal climate) and second by Al Jazeera (Prominent scientist suing climate change deniers for libel). It's revieling to compare them.

    Newsweek text is somewhat bloated (twice as long as Al Jazeera text) and full of spurious in-line comments (like 'this is ugly stuff', etc). Al Jezeera reports only the facts & who said what, leaving all interpretation to the reader; their minimal use of spurious words makes text streamlined and easy/fast to read/understand.

    But more notably, Newsweek's article title is just meaningless: it sound like random word rambling rather than a careful sentence drawing reader's attention to the contents as a good title should be. Al Jazeera's title is good in that respect.

    Further, and most apaulingly, Newsweek's photo shows Mann applauding former President Bill Clinton during a rally for Democratic gubanatorial candidate Terry McAuliffe. Excuse me, what that photo has to do with the topic at hand? IMO, the author was extremely careless (if not biased by some hidden agenda) in showing something he should not have shown in that context. Al Jazeera's photo is neutral and apropriate.

    In summary, Newsweek has lot to learn from Al Jazeera about good, accurate journalism to deliver simple and unbiased news to the reader. Meanwhile, if given a choice I'm about to turn to Al Jazeera as my future news source.

    0 0
    Moderator Response:

    [JH] Thanks for the feedback.

  2. >Climate and vaccine deniers are the same

    No, they are not: science depends on who pays, because those who pay determine the questions asked.

    In case of climate science, it's world wide govenrments with no interest in promoting a problem which potentially cuts their energy supply. Deniers are the money makers (world wide oil bill is 365 d/y * 90 million barrels / d * 100 $/barrel = 3 285 000 million $ / y = 3285 billion $/y = 3,285 Trillion $/y. Research money and renewable energy is peanuts. There is way more conflict of interest to take care of on the denier side than on the science side. 

    In case of medical science, basic physical facts like immunization are clear, but enhancements via aluminium and other (secret) ingredients and their side effects are not (in my opinion, I am just a lay person). And here (as opposed to climate science), research questions are payed for more by the money makers, i.e. the ones who are interested in not getting any critical results.

    I believe in the scientific method, but I do not beleive in humans, especially if they make money from a thing and if they are talking about it. I am a skeptic and I will remain so: I think climate change is happening, man made and has bad (even very bad) consequences, because I tried to study evidence and skeptic arguments, but I am not convinced that the medical industry is researching everything it should research in the general interest, nor do I think genetic engineering industry does: too much money at stakes ... (they might come to the conclusion that vaccine amplifications like aluminium only harm a low percentage of the population, but this should be openly discussed/researched and the costs have to be assumed (via developing other enhancement methods): health is not a good like any other good, just as water, food, shelter and other basic goods are not: freedom is not the freedom to harm others for ones own profit).

    1 1
  3. > Climate and vaccine deniers are the same: beyond persuasion, by Clive Hamilton

    The author's argument compares apples and cauliflower. The site proctor ought to remove the piece for that reason and others. The piece uses the same old divisive us and them mentality. It attacks what the author of it has to rely upon his own source to prove; thus, the piece has a gratuitous sense implied onto it. The piece distracts us as it reduces the site to a tabloid or at best a newspaper opinion column. In fact, the site would do well to leave out all mention and attention to the climate denying minuscule minority and their personality disorders.

    0 1
  4. Does anyone out there have the patience to make up a chart.  Down the left side would be the names of all the prominent climate change deniers including politicians.  Across the top would be labels for columns such as "Was a tobacco advocate",  "is anti-vaccine", "Is a creationist* and so forth.  A little star would be put in the appropriate boxes.  It would be interesting to have this sketch of the previous history of the CCD's

    0 0
    Moderator Response:

    [JH] Your concern is duly noted.

  5. The Anti Vaccine protagonists are just as deluded as the anti Global Warming protagonists. Both have no scientific evidence to back up their very internally contradictory claims.

    The claim that 'secret' compounds cause the multiplicity of syndromes that these nutters assert, is completely laughable.

    Next they will assert that the lack of a compound has an effect just like that of Homeopathy. Bert

    1 0

You need to be logged in to post a comment. Login via the left margin or if you're new, register here.

The Consensus Project Website


(free to republish)

Smartphone Apps


© Copyright 2018 John Cook
Home | Links | Translations | About Us | Contact Us