Climate Science Glossary

Term Lookup

Enter a term in the search box to find its definition.


Use the controls in the far right panel to increase or decrease the number of terms automatically displayed (or to completely turn that feature off).

Term Lookup


All IPCC definitions taken from Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Working Group I Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Annex I, Glossary, pp. 941-954. Cambridge University Press.

Home Arguments Software Resources Comments The Consensus Project Translations About Donate

Twitter Facebook YouTube Pinterest

RSS Posts RSS Comments Email Subscribe

Climate's changed before
It's the sun
It's not bad
There is no consensus
It's cooling
Models are unreliable
Temp record is unreliable
Animals and plants can adapt
It hasn't warmed since 1998
Antarctica is gaining ice
View All Arguments...

Keep me logged in
New? Register here
Forgot your password?

Latest Posts


Climate Hustle

New research from last week 27-30

Posted on 5 August 2012 by Ari Jokimäki

New research from last week was in boreal summer break for 4 weeks. Surprisingly journals kept pushing out papers. Here are some papers that I noted during the break. Links are to abstracts only, so you have to hunt down the full texts yourself when needed.

Arctic Clouds and Surface Radiation: Arctic Clouds and Surface Radiation – a critical comparison of satellite retrievals and the ERA-Interim reanalysis - Zygmuntowska et al. (2012)

Permafrost distribution in the European Alps: Permafrost distribution in the European Alps: calculation and evaluation of an index map and summary statistics - Boeckli et al. (2012)

Small part of Arctic sea ice extent decline has been due to Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation: Sources of multi-decadal variability in Arctic sea ice extent - Day et al. (2012)

The effect of climate change and ocean acidification on seagrasses and marine macroalgae: Climate Change and Ocean AcidificationEffects on Seagrasses and Marine Macroalgae - Koch et al. (2012)

How vegetation in Switzerland responded to rapid warming in the past?: Vegetation responses to rapid warming and to minor climatic fluctuations during the Late-Glacial Interstadial (GI-1) at Gerzensee (Switzerland) - Ammann et al. (2012)

Anthropogenic aerosols may have masked greenhouse gas-induced changes in rainfall over north-western Australia: Aerosol- and greenhouse gas-induced changes in summer rainfall and circulation in the Australasian region: a study using single-forcing climate simulations - Rotstayn et al. (2012)

Evidence for possible similarities between End-Permian mass extinction and expected 21st century situation: Evidence for end-Permian ocean acidification from calcium isotopes in biogenic apatite - Hinojosa et al. (2012)

Analysis of global tropical cyclone activity over the past 5,000 years: Punctuated global tropical cyclone activity over the past 5,000 years - Nott & Forsyth (2012)

Reconstructing the sea ice season length: Variability in the length of the sea ice season in the Middle Eocene Arctic - Stickley et al. (2012)

Western Mediterranean precipitation over the last 300 years from instrumental observations: Western Mediterranean precipitation over the last 300 years from instrumental observations - Camuffo et al. (2012)

Most genetically diverse lizard populations are the ones most at risk from climate change: Predicting the impacts of climate change on genetic diversity in an endangered lizard species - Dubey et al. (2012)

CO2 lagged temperature by less than 400 years and even short lead is possible during last deglaciation: Tightened constraints on the time-lag between Antarctic temperature and CO2 during the last deglaciation - Pedro et al. (2012)

Significant increase in atmospheric long-wave radiation in Israel is caused by water vapour and anthropogenic gases: The roles of water vapour, rainfall and solar radiation in determining air temperature change measured at Bet Dagan, Israel between 1964 and 2010 - Stanhill et al. (2012)

Changes in diurnal temperature range in Bangladesh: Changes in diurnal temperature range in Bangladesh during the time period 1961–2008 - Shahid et al. (2012)

In Spain total cloud cover increased until 1960s when it started to decrease: Increasing cloud cover in the 20th century: review and new findings in Spain - Sanchez-Lorenzo et al. (2012)

Large methane emission upon spring thaw from natural wetlands in the northern permafrost region: Large methane emission upon spring thaw from natural wetlands in the northern permafrost region - Song et al. (2012)

Over past 50 years, tree growth decline has prevailed despite increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide: Probing for the influence of atmospheric CO2 and climate change on forest ecosystems across biomes - Silva & Madhur (2012)

Particular combinations of temperature and moisture can interact directly or indirectly to limit species ranges even when these factors alone do not exceed species tolerances: The relative influence of temperature, moisture and their interaction on range limits of mammals over the past century - Smith (2012)

Urban traffic restrictions could help attain global CO2 reduction targets: Satellite-based estimates of reduced CO and CO2 emissions due to traffic restrictions during the 2008 Beijing Olympics - Worden et al. (2012)

Atmospheric methane increase during the abrupt warming of Younger Dryas termination might have been mostly from biomass burning: Enrichment in 13C of atmospheric CH4 during the Younger Dryas termination - Melton et al. (2012)

Damage potential of a potato pest species might increase in future: Predicting climate-change-caused changes in global temperature on potato tuber moth Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) distribution and abundance using phenology modeling and GIS mapping - Kroschel et al. (2012)

Carbon emissions of Chinese cities: The carbon emissions of Chinese cities - Wang et al. (2012)

Satellite retrieval of the liquid water fraction in tropical clouds: Satellite retrieval of the liquid water fraction in tropical clouds between −20 and −38 °C - Mitchell & d'Entremont (2012)

Near real time satellite estimates of global biomass burning emissions: Near real time global biomass burning emissions product from geostationary satellite constellation - Zhang et al. (2012)

North Atlantic Oscillation affects North Atlantic Ocean carbon dioxide uptake: Multi-decadal uptake of carbon dioxide into subtropical mode water of the North Atlantic Ocean - Bates (2012)

How snow-albedo feedback affects Swiss spring temperatures: Snow-albedo feedback and Swiss spring temperature trends - Scherrer et al. (2012)

Subduction of Mode Water has intensified in the South Pacific during 20th century: An Intensification Trend of South Pacific Mode Water Subduction Rates over the 20th Century - Liu & Wu (2012)

Aerial photos show increase in erect shrubs in extensively warmed Low Arctic region: Recent expansion of erect shrubs in the Low Arctic: evidence from Eastern Nunavik - Tremblay et al. (2012)

The potential of enhanced weathering in the UK: The potential of enhanced weathering in the UK - Renforth (2012)

Medieval winters were cooler and summers were warmer than late 20th century in Scotland: Marine climatic seasonality during early medieval times (10th to 12th centuries) based on isotopic records in Viking Age shells from Orkney, Scotland - Surge & Barrett (2012)

Satellite Oceanography and Climate Change: Satellite Oceanography and Climate Change - Garcia-Soto et al. (2012)

New analysis on Toba super-eruption: Did the 73 ka Toba super-eruption have an enduring effect? Insights from genetics, prehistoric archaeology, pollen analysis, stable isotope geochemistry, geomorphology, ice cores, and climate models - Williams (2012)

Consistent estimates from satellites and models for the first aerosol indirect forcing: Consistent estimates from satellites and models for the first aerosol indirect forcing - Penner et al. (2012)

Interdecadal variability/long-term changes in global precipitation patterns: Interdecadal variability/long-term changes in global precipitation patterns during the past three decades: global warming and/or pacific decadal variability? - Gu & Adler (2012)

Southeastern United States was one of the rare places that cooled during 20th century: The 20th century cooling trend over the southeastern United States - Rogers (2012)

Predicted warming is unlikely to have major effects on squid but acidification may have greater impact: Role of squid in the Southern Ocean pelagic ecosystem and the possible consequences of climate change - Rodhouse (2012)

Shifting Avian elevational ranges with changing climate: The push and pull of climate change causes heterogeneous shifts in avian elevational ranges - Tingley et al. (2012)

Deer browsing affects temperature response of tree species: Sapling growth responses to warmer temperatures ‘cooled’ by browse pressure - Fisichelli et al. (2012)

Livestock greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation potential in Europe: Livestock greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation potential in Europe - Bellarby et al. (2012)

When calculating ice mass, remember to include small glaciers: Significant contribution to total mass from very small glaciers - Bahr & Radić (2012)

Capacity of North Atlantic surface waters to absorb carbon dioxide has diminished: Detecting anthropogenic carbon dioxide uptake and ocean acidification in the North Atlantic Ocean - Bates et al. (2012)

Measuring GHG's from solar radiation: Remote sensing of CO2 and CH4 using solar absorption spectrometry with a low resolution spectrometer - Petri et al. (2012)

Identification of climatic state with limited proxy data: Identification of climatic state with limited proxy data - Annan & Hargreaves (2012)

Global and regional multi-annual (1996–2003) analysis of cloud properties: Seven years of global retrieval of cloud properties using space-borne data of GOME - Lelli et al. (2012)

Latitudinally asymmetric response of global surface temperature: Latitudinally asymmetric response of global surface temperature: Implications for regional climate change - Xu & Ramanathan (2012)

Future Baltic Sea ecosystem may unprecedentedly change compared to the past 150 yr: Comparing reconstructed past variations and future projections of the Baltic Sea ecosystem—first results from multi-model ensemble simulations - Meier et al. (2012)

Measurements show Earth's greenhouse effect: Solar and thermal radiation profiles and radiative forcing measured through the atmosphere - Philipona et al. (2012)

Ice mass loss continues at high rate in Larsen B Ice Shelf: Mass loss of Larsen B tributary glaciers (Antarctic Peninsula) unabated since 2002 - Berthier et al. (2012)

Colombia bird species are projected to lose on average between 33 and 43 % of their total range under future climate: Effects of climate change on species distribution, community structure, and conservation of birds in protected areas in Colombia - Velásquez-Tibatá et al. (2012)

Honey, we shrunk the Alps' snow cover: The snowline climate of the Alps 1961–2010 - Hantel et al. (2012)

Icebergs have an effect on ocean circulation: Simulating Heinrich event 1 with interactive icebergs - Jongma et al. (2012)

Historical and future changes in temperature extremes over Europe: Historical and future changes in maximum and minimum temperature records over Europe - Elguindi et al. (2012)

Parisian heat island is projected to decrease with global warming: Evolution of the Parisian urban climate under a global changing climate - Lemonsu et al. (2012)

European Alps glacier mass balance: Extrapolating glacier mass balance to the mountain-range scale: the European Alps 1900–2100 - Huss (2012)

More on climate regime shifts: Directional influences on global temperature prediction - Wang et al. (2012)

How to define Anthropocene?: The stratigraphic status of the Anthropocene - Gale & Hoare (2012)

The atmospheric lifetime of black carbon: The atmospheric lifetime of black carbon - Cape et al. (2012)

AMOC variability and climatic influence: Multicentennial variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation and its climatic influence in a 4000 year simulation of the GFDL CM2.1 climate model - Delworth & Zeng (2012)

Study found that projected warming shortened mosquito lifespan, which in turn decreased the potential dengue season in 3 U.S. cities: Potential impacts of climate change on the ecology of dengue and its mosquito vector the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) - Erickson et al. (2012)

The relationship of Indian summer monsoon and sunspot cycle: The Indian summer monsoon during peaks in the 11 year sunspot cycle - van Loon & Meehl (2012)

Western tropical Pacific sea level changes are well explained by global sea-level rise and trade wind fluctuations: Multidecadal sea level anomalies and trends in the western tropical Pacific - Merrifield et al. (2012)

Stepwise changes in stratospheric water vapor: Stepwise changes in stratospheric water vapor? - Fueglistaler (2012)

Stratospheric water vapor and climate: Stratospheric water vapor and climate: Sensitivity to the representation in radiation codes - Maycock & Shine (2012)

Study demonstrates the importance of including preindustrial emissions for the most scientifically defensible attribution: Attribution of atmospheric CO2 and temperature increases to regions: importance of preindustrial land use change - Pongratz & Caldeira (2012)

Increasingly high temperatures might have negative implications for the fitness of arid-zone birds: The costs of keeping cool in a warming world: implications of high temperatures for foraging, thermoregulation and body condition of an arid-zone bird - du Plessis et al. (2012)

Correlation of Caribbean precipitation and AMO during past 1300 years: Cuban stalagmite suggests relationship between Caribbean precipitation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation during the past 1.3 ka - Fensterer et al. (2012)

One more paper reporting evidence of ozone recovery: Development of a climate record of tropospheric and stratospheric column ozone from satellite remote sensing: evidence of an early recovery of global stratospheric ozone - Ziemke & Chandra (2012)

Problems in identifying weekly cycles in meteorological variables: Identifying weekly cycles in meteorological variables: The importance of an appropriate statistical analysis - Daniel et al. (2012)

Problems in identifying weekly cycles in meteorological variables 2: Assessing large-scale weekly cycles in meteorological variables: a review - Sanchez-Lorenzo et al. (2012)

Are Swiss temperature series taking a break?: Break detection of annual Swiss temperature series - Kuglitsch et al. (2012)

There they go blaming SAM for sudden cloud cover changes: Understanding sudden changes in cloud amount: The Southern Annular Mode and South American weather fluctuations - Laken & Pallé (2012)

0 0

Bookmark and Share Printable Version  |  Link to this page


Comments 1 to 2:

  1. Thanks for faithfully reporting so much of the ongoing research relating to climate change. This is such a great resource.

    Paul Vincelli
    University of Kentucky
    0 0
  2. It's my pleasure, thank you. :)
    0 0

You need to be logged in to post a comment. Login via the left margin or if you're new, register here.

The Consensus Project Website


(free to republish)

Smartphone Apps


© Copyright 2018 John Cook
Home | Links | Translations | About Us | Contact Us