9 Months After McLean
Posted on 25 October 2011 by dana1981
In our previous post, The Day After McLean, we examined the 2011 global surface temperature prediction made by data analyst and climate "skeptic" John McLean. McLean's prediction was rather extreme, calling for the 2011 temperature anomaly to return to (or below) 1956 levels:
"it is likely that 2011 will be the coolest year since 1956 or even earlier"
To be blunt, this was an unwise and uninformed prediction. For example, Figure 1 shows the monthly global surface temperature anomalies (from NOAA NCDC, whose accuracy the BEST project has confirmed) for the past decade (2001-2011) and for 1956.
Figure 1: NOAA NCDC monthly temperature anomalies
Every single month over the past decade has been at least 0.35°C warmer than the hottest month in 1956. And not surprisingly, every month in 2011 has been much warmer than the hottest month in 1956 as well, by 0.52 to 0.71°C through September. The annual data tells a similar story (Figure 2).
Figure 2: McLean 2011 prediction vs. NOAA annual global surface temperature anomalies, including 2011 anomaly through September.
As we discussed in The Day After McLean, average surface temperatures simply don't change from one year to the next by anywhere near the magnitude McLean predicted. The largest year-to-year temperature change from 1880 to 2010 according to NOAA data was 0.26°C (1963 to 1964). The average annual change was 0.078°C. McLean has predicted a 0.81°C cooling from 2010 to 2011 - more than 10 times the average change, and more than 3 times the largest year-to-year change on record.
Standing Behind Wrongness
Halfway through 2011 the NOAA global surface temperature anomaly was 0.50°C, on track to be 0.63°C hotter than McLean had predicted. I encountered McLean commenting on an article on the Australian website The Conversation, which publishes articles written by academics and researchers. I confronted McLean with his prediction and the fact that the planet was not on its way to freezing over, to see if he would admit his error. On the contrary, McLean stood behind his initial prediction:
"Last time I looked 2011 wasn't over yet. It's a bit premature of you to be crowing about an annual average when the year isn't complete."
Seeing an opportunity to cash in on his false bravado, I offered him a wager. If McLean’s prediction were wrong by less than half a degree Celsius at the end of 2011, he would win. If it winds up being incorrect by a least half a degree Celsius, I would win. Given that the average global surface temperature has not changed by more than 0.26°C from one year to the next, I thought that giving him a 0.5°C margin of error was a generous offer, but alas, McLean did not respond to my offer.
Figure 3 shows an example of how temperatures in the second half of 2011 would have had to change in order for McLean's prediction to be accurate at that point, and how they will have to change over the last 3 months.
Figure 3: Example of how the average global surface temperature would have had to change in the second half and third quarter of the year for McLean's 2011 temperature prediction to become accurate.
Such a radical temperature change would literally send us towards a new ice age, and yet McLean refused to admit in July 2011 that his prediction was wrong.
Basis for McLean's Wrong Prediction
So what possessed McLean to make such a radical prediction to begin with? The basis of the prediction was a paper we have previously examined, McLean et. al (2009). In their paper, McLean et al. found that the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) has a large influence on global temperature variability (i.e. short-term changes), but they also slipped a conclusion into their paper which was not supported by their research:
"Overall the results suggest that the Southern Oscillation exercises a consistently dominant influence on mean global temperature"
This claim is simply incorrect, and could not be supported by their research, because the first step in the McLean et al. analysis removed any long-term trends from the original temperature data. Thus their analysis was incapable of determining the dominant influences on long-term temperature changes. Although Foster et. al (2010) made this point, McLean apparently continues to believe that ENSO is the dominant driver behind global temperature changes. However, ENSO is an oceanic cycle which merely moves heat around between oceans and the surface, and thus cannot cause a long-term warming trend.
The failure of McLean’s prediction proves that the conclusion of his paper was wrong. 2011 has indeed been slightly cooler than 2010 because the former was influenced by a La Niña cycle, while the latter was influenced by an El Niño. However the difference between 2010 and 2011 has only been 0.12°C thus far, nowhere near McLean's predicted 0.81°C, because man-made global warming hasn’t disappeared, and ENSO (and other ocean cycles) aren’t really the dominant effect on global temperatures. They certainly have large short-term effects on temperatures on the order of a couple of tenths of a degree, but nowhere near as large as McLean seems to believe.
We contacted McLean for a comment on this post, and his only response was to say
"I'll be posting a comment on my web pages after the December data is available."
It will be interesting to see how he defends this ill-conceived prediction.